Treaties & Standard Setting

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International recognition of Treaties between Indigenous Nations and States was the first issue brought to the United Nations by IITC.  Significant progress has been achieved through the UN Treaty Study (1999) and the adoption of the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (2007) and the American Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (2016).  IITC was a leader throughout the 40-year process of the UN Declaration’s development and adoption, and continues to focus on its full implementation, including through advancing new International Standards that affirm and incorporate the inherent and Treaty rights of Indigenous Peoples. IITC continues to work for the recognition and enforcement of Treaty rights to water, health, land, subsistence, Consent and Self-Determination and for effective bi-lateral, regional and international proceses to address and resolve Treaty violations.

Treaties between sovereign nations explicitly entail agreements which represent “the supreme law of the land” binding each party to an inviolate international relationship.

~ the Declaration of Continuing Independence, the Founding Document of the International Indian Treaty Council, June 1974

Program Areas
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    Program Areas
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      UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues (UNPFII)
      UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues (UNPFII)

      Online resources

      UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues web page

      Pagina de web del El Foro Permanente para las Cuestiones Indígenas de la ONU

      UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues: Background paper, “Indigenous Peoples and Climate change”

      18th Session of the UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues, 22 April – 3 May, 2019

      18 ° período de sesiones del FPCI, 22 abril – 3 mayo 2019


      Previous Sessions of the United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues (UNPFII)

      17th Session of the UNPFII, 16-27 April, 2018 / 17 perido de sesiones del FPCI, 16-27 de abril, 2018

      Agenda Item 3: Follow up to the recommendations of the Permanent Forum, IITC statement, April 16, 2018

      16th session of the UNPFII, 2017 / 16 perido de sesiónes del FPCI, 2017


      UNPFII 2016 Expert Group Meeting on Indigenous Languages

      UNPFII, Expert Group Meeting on Indigenous Languages, January 19 – 21, 2016, UN Headquarters, New York; Joint statement by the International Indian Treaty Council (IITC) and the National Native American Boarding School Healing Coalition (N-NABS-HC), Presented by Andrea Carmen, IITC and N-NABS-HC


      United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues 15th session, 2016 // 15ava sesión del Foro Permanente para las Cuestiones Indígenas de la ONU, 2016

      UNPFII 2016, Item 5, Interactive Dialogue: Indigenous Peoples, Conflict, Peace and Resolution. May 17, 2016, IITC Statement

      UNPFII 2016, Item 4, Implementation of the 6 Mandated Area of the UNPFII: Focus on Health and the Environment, IITC Statement

      IITC Event: Consultation on International Repatriation, UNPFII 15th Session, 13 May 2016, UN Headquarters, NY

      Evento de CITI: Consulta sobre Repatriación Internacional, 15ava sesión del Foro Permanente sobre las Cuestiones Indígenas de las Naciones, 13 de mayo de 2016, sede de la ONU, Nueva York


      United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues 14th session, 2015 // 14o período de sesiones del Foro Permanente para las Cuestiones Indígenas de la ONU

      United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues 14th session, April 20 – May 1, 2014, Agenda Item 8: Future Work of the Permanent Forum: Discussion on Indigenous Human Rights/Development Indicators

      United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues 14th session, April 20 – May 1, 2015, Agenda Item 3 (a): Outcome of the high-level plenary meeting of the General Assembly known as the World Conference on Indigenous Peoples

      Nueva, York, 21 de abril del 2015, XIV Período de sesiones del Foro Permanente para las Cuestiones Indígenas de la ONU, “Sueños rotos y vidas desaparecidas”, por CNI y CITI

      United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues 14th session, April 20 – May 1, 2014, Agenda Item 4: Half-Day Discussion on the Pacific Region

      United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues 14th session, April 20 – May 1, 2014, Agenda Item 8: Future Work of the Permanent Forum: Methods of Work

      United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues 14th session, April 20 – May 1, 2015, Agenda Item 3 (a): Outcome of the high-level plenary meeting of the General Assembly known as the World Conference on Indigenous Peoples

      UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues, Fourteenth Session, 21 April 2015, Agenda Item 3(c), Youth, self-harm and suicide

      Foro Permanente sobre Cuestiones Indígenas de las Naciones Unidas, Décimo cuarta session, Nueva York, 20 de Abril al 1 de Mayo de 2015, Tema 6 y 3 (b) Pueblos Indígenas: Programa de desarrollo después de 2015 enfocado particularmente a las cuestiones del hambre y la enfermedad

      Foro Permanente para las Cuestiones Indígenas, Tema 7b Derechos Humanos, Dialogo con la Relatora Especial sobre los derechos de los Pueblos Indígenas (centrado en los Derechos Económicos Sociales y Culturales), Nueva York, 20 de Abril al 1 de mayo de 2015

      IITC and AIPP: Conference Room Paper, Agenda Item 3, Outcome of the World Conference on Indigenous Peoples

      Citi Y Aipp: Informe De La Reunión De Composición Abierta De Los Pueblos Indígenas Sobre El Seguimiento De La Conferencia Mundial De Los Pueblos Indígenas (cmpi)


      United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues 13th session, 2014 // 13o período de sesiones del Foro Permanente para las Cuestiones Indígenas de la ONU, 2014

      Side event of the UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues- Implementing Free, Prior, And Informed Consent Through Private Sector Engagement, Monday, May 19 2014

      13th Session United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues, May 12 – 23, 2014. Updates, interventions, side events


      United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues 12th session, 2013 // 12o período de sesiones del Foro Permanente para las Cuestiones Indígenas de la ONU, 2013

      United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues 12th session, May 20 – 31, 2013, Agenda Item 6, Discussion on the World Conference on Indigenous Peoples Intervention by the International Indian Treaty Council (IITC), Presented by Roberto Borrero, May 27th, 2012

      UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues, 12th Session May 22, 2013, Intervention on Item 7(a) Human Rights Presented by Danika Littlechild, International Indian Treaty Council

      Foro Permanente de las Naciones Unidas sobre las Cuestiones Indígenas, Doceavo periodo de sesiones, Nueva York, 20-31 Mayo 2013, Tema 3 a) Salud, Consejo Internacional de Tratados Indios (CITI) Presentada por: Berenice Sanchez Lozada

      United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues 12th session, May 20 – 31, 2013, Agenda Item 8, Future Work of the Permanent Forum and the Post-2015 Development Goals, Intervention by the International Indian Treaty Council, Presented by Andrea Carmen

      Foro Permanente de las Naciones Unidas sobre las Cuestiones Indígenas, Doceavo periodo de sesiones, Nueva York, 20-31 Mayo 2013, Tema 5 Examen de las políticas operacionales del Banco Mundial, Consejo Internacional de Tratados Indios, Presentada por: Berenice Sánchez Lozada

      “La soberanía sobre nuestras semillas y los derechos culturales de los Pueblos Indígenas”, evento paralelo en el 12º periodo de sesiones del FPCI de CITI, el 24 de mayo de 2013

      “Seed Sovereignty and the Cultural Rights of Indigenous Peoples”, IITC Side Event, UNPFII 12th session Friday May 24th, 2013

      UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues, 12th Session May 22, 2013, Intervention on Item 7(a) Human Rights Presented by Danika Littlechild, International Indian Treaty Council

      “Woman is the First Environment: Environmental Violence, Extractive Industries and the Reproductive Health of Indigenous Women and Girls”, side event at the UNPFII 12th session, May 22nd 2013, cosponsored by IITC, FIMI, the International Indigenous Women’s Environmental and Reproductive Health Initiative and the Native Youth Sexual Health Network

      United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues 12th session, May 20 – 31, 2013, Report of the “Indigenous Peoples International Conference on Corn”, Santo Domingo Tomaltepec Oaxaca Mexico, September 28th – 30th, 2012, Agenda Item 3 c). Follow-up on the recommendations of the Permanent Forum on Culture including recommendations of the UNPFII 11th session in its Half-day discussion on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples to Food and Food Sovereignty, submitted by the International Indian Treaty Council

      Foro Permanente para las Cuestiones Indígenas de las Naciones Unidas, 12° período de sesiones, 20 a 31 de mayo de 2013, Informe de la “Conferencia Internacional de los Pueblos Indígenas del Maíz”, Santo Domingo Tomaltepec, Oaxaca México, del 28 al 30 de septiembre de 2012, Punto del programa 3 c) Seguimiento de las recomendaciones del Foro Permanente sobre Cultura incluyendo las recomendaciones del debate de medio día de duración del FPCI 11° período de sesiones sobre el derecho de los pueblos indígenas a la alimentación y la soberanía alimentaria, presentado por el Consejo Internacional de Tratados Indios

      Defending Treaties and Treaty Rights
      Defending Treaties and Treaty Rights
      The UN Treaty Study and Seminars
      The UN Treaty Study and Seminars

      Report of the United Nations seminar on treaties, agreements and other constructive arrangements between States and Indigenous Peoples expert group meeting in Geneva from 15 to 17 December 2003

      United Nation Study on treaties, agreements and other constructive arrangements between States and indigenous populations, Final report by Miguel Alfonso Martínez, Special Rapporteur-E/CN.4/Sub.2/1999/20, 22 June 1999 

      Seminario de los expertos de las Naciones Unidas sobre tratados, convenios y otros acuerdos constructivos entre Estados y Pueblos Indígenas en Ginebra del 15 al 17 de diciembre de 2003, conclusiones y recomendaciones

      Report of the United Nations seminar on treaties, agreements and other constructive arrangements between States and Indigenous Peoples, Hobbema, Canada, 14–17 November 2006,Chairperson: Sharon Venne, Co-Rapporteurs: Chief Wilton Littlechild and Andrea Carmen [A/HRC/EMRIP/2010/5]

      Informe del Seminario de expertos de las Naciones Unidas sobre tratados, convenios y otros acuerdos constructivos entre Estados y Pueblos Indígenas, Hobbema, Canadá, 14 a 17 de noviembre de 2006, Presidenta: Sra. Sharon Venne, Relatores: Jefe Wilton Littlechild y Sra. Andrea Carmen, [A/HRC/EMRIP/2010/5]

      Seminar on “Strengthening partnership between indigenous peoples and States: Treaties, agreements and constructive arrangements”, Geneva, Palais des Nations, 16 to 17 July 2012, Link to information for the 3rd UN Seminar on Treaties, Agreements and other Constructive Arrangements between States and Indigenous Peoples including submissions by IITC and affiliates and other Indigenous Peoples and organizations

      Background paper prepared by The International Indian Treaty Council for the United Nations seminar on treaties, agreements and other constructive arrangements between States and indigenous peoples expert group meeting in Geneva from 15 to 17 December 2003 [HR/GENEVA/TSIP/SEM/2003/BP.6]

      The UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples
      The UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples

      Online Resources

      United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples

      Declaración de las Naciones Unidas sobre los derechos de los Pueblos Indígenas

      “Our Voices, Our Rights, video on the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples”

      UN High Commissioner on Human Rights calls on States to honor Treaties with Indigenous Peoples, August 7th, 2013 (English, français y español)


      Indigenous Peoples
      interventions, presentations, statements, reports, etc.

      “History is made for Indigenous Peoples at the United Nations! Treaty Rights, Land Rights and Self-determination of Indigenous Peoples are recognized internationally with the adoption of the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples by the UN General Assembly on September 13th 2007”, IITC Press Release

      United States of America Announces Qualified Support for the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples: “Implementation is what we are waiting for now”, IITC Press Release, December 16th, 2010

      International Human Rights Day, December 10th, 2008, “Sixty Year Later: Reaffirming Inherent Dignity and Equal and Inalienable Rights”, A Commentary by Andrea Carmen, International Indian Treaty Council Executive Director

      IITC’s Written Testimony to the United States Senate Committee on Indian Affairs; Oversight Hearings on Setting the Standard: Domestic Policy Implications of the UN Declaration on the rights of Indigenous Peoples, June 9th, 2011

      Seminole Nation of Oklahoma resolution affirming the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, March 6th, 2011

      Pit River Tribe resolution affirming the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples , March 29th 2012

      Business and Human Rights
      Business and Human Rights

      Online resources

      IITC Business and Human Rights Information Brief, 2017

      Indigenous Peoples Guidebook for Free Prior Informed Consent And Corporation Standards

      Guía de Pueblos Indígenas sobre el Consentimiento Libre, Previo, E Informado y Normas Empresariles


      Indigenous Peoples
      interventions, presentations, statements, reports, etc.

      First Forum on Business and Human Rights, Human Rights Council, United Nations, Geneva, 4-5 December 2012, Closing Session – The Way Forward: Opportunities and Priorities for Action by Relevant Actors. Presented by Chief Wilton Littlechild.

      Tercer Foro de las Naciones Unidas sobre Empresas y Derechos Humanos, 2 y 3 de diciembre de 2014: Declaración del Cónclave de los Pueblos Indígenas realizado el 30 de noviembre en Ginebra, Suiza; Presentado por Bettina Cruz

      US National Action Plan on Business and Human Rights: Submission of the International Indian Treaty Council on Wednesday, January 14, 2015 

      “Suggestions of International Indian Treaty Council for the 2013 United Nations Forum on Business and Human Rights”, submitted to the Working Group on the issue of human rights and transnational Corporation and other business entities, April 12th, 2013

      “The State Duty to Protect”, IITC Presentation for the Civil Society Consultation for US Country visit of the UN Working Group on Business and Human rights, APRIL 23RD, 2012 , WASHINGTON DC

      U.S. Civil Society Consultation of the United Nations Working Group on the Issue of Human Rights and Transnational Corporations and Other Business Enterprises, Submission by REDOIL via IITC, April 23rd 2013

      The OAS American Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples
      The OAS American Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples
      International Repatriation
      International Repatriation

      Online Resources

      UN Expert Mechanism on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (EMRIP) Technical Advisory Note ,16 June 2020: Repatriation request for the Yaqui Maaso Kova, submitted  by the International India Treaty Council on behalf of the Yaqui cultural leaders and Traditional Authorities

      Draft Agenda for EMRIP Workshop March 2020

      UNESCO Policy on Engaging with Indigenous Peoples, Aug. 2017

      Program – International Conference on Indigenous Peoples Rights to Cultural Heritage, Nov. 2017


      Indigenous Peoples
      interventions, presentations, statements, reports, etc.

      IITC Submission to Expert Seminar on International Repatriation, March 2020

      Submission de CITI para el Seminario de Repatriacion internacional, Marzo 2020

      IITC International Repatriation Information Update 2018

      Boletín informativo de CITI – Repatriación Internacional 2018

      IITC Repatriation Request to EMRIP, Feb. 2018

      Recommendations from International Conference on Indigenous Peoples’ Rights to Cultural Heritage, Nov. 2017

      IITC: Creating a new international mechanism for international repatriation of Indigenous Peoples’ ceremonial objects and human remains, May 13, 2017

      CITI: reando un nuevo mecanismo internacional para la Repatriación Internacional de objetos de culto y restos humanos de los Pueblos Indígenas el 13 de mayo de 2017

      UNESCO 5th Subsidiary Committee of the 1970 Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property; Statement on the Development of a new International Mechanism on International Repatriation of Indigenous Peoples’ sacred objects and human remains Statement by the International Indian Treaty Council, presented by Andrea Carmen. May 17th, 2017

      IITC EMRIP Submission on International Repatriation, March 2015

      UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)
      UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

      Online Resources

      Political Declaration of the SDG Summit 2019

      Stakeholders E-consultation on the SDGs under review at the 2019 High-Level Political Forum on Sustainable Development (HLPF). Share your inputs on the SDGs under review. Deadline: 8 February 2018

      ECOSOC High-Level Session, Theme: Supporting sustainable and resilient societies in urban and rural communities, IPMG Statement, 19 July 2018

      Ministerial Declaration of the 2018 High-Level Political Forum on Sustainable Development

      Information Brief: The United Nations 2030 Agenda, Sustainable Development Goals and Indigenous Peoples, 2018

      Boletín informativo: La Agenda 2030 de las Naciones Unidas, Los Objectivos de Desarrollo Sostenible y los Pueblos Indigenas, 2018

      Visit the website of the Indigenous Peoples Major Group on the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals

      Open Working Group on Sustainable Development Goals

      Major Groups (including Indigenous Peoples)

      The “World We Want”: Peoples Empowerment in the Post 2015 Development Agenda


      Indigenous Peoples
      interventions, presentations, statements, reports, etc.

      IPMG Thematic Report, 2019

      State of Indigenous Peoples Lands, Territories and Resources: North America. Authors: Janene Yazzie, Roberto Borrero, and Andrea Carmen, 2018

      New IPMG 2018 Publication: State of Indigenous Peoples Land, Territories and Resources: North America, Asia, Pacific and Latin America and the Caribbean // Nueva publicación, 2018, del IPMG “Estado de las Tierras, Territorios y Recursos de los Pueblos Indígenas” , Norte America, Asia, El Pacífico, y Latino America y el Caribe

      2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development Goals by Galina Angarova and Roberto Borrero, Chapter excerpt from Yearbook 2016, IWIGIA

      United Nations Sustainable Development Summit, 25-27 September 2015 Interactive Dialogue 4: Protecting our Planet and Combatting Climate Change, Presented by Roberto Múkaro Borrero (Taino), IITC, Indigenous Peoples Major Group, Sept. 27

      Press Release: United Nation Member States Agree on New Universal Development Agenda

      Estados Miembros de la ONU logran un acuerdo sobre el Nuevo Programa Universal de Desarrollo

      IITC Statement to UN Stakeholder Preparatory Forum for the Post-2015 Development Agenda Negotiations, 16 January, 2015, Opening Panel Session: “Welcome and a Way Forward,”United Nations Headquarters, New York. Delivered by Andrea Carmen.

      65th Annual UN DPI/NGO Conference, 2015 and Beyond: Our Action Agenda, Aug. 27-29, 2014, Opening presentation by Andrea Carmen, IITC, for the IPMG.

      10th Session of the Open Working Group on Sustainable Development Goals, Mar. 31 – Apr. 4, 2014, IPMG response to Focus areas and clusters toward the elaboration of targets, presented by Roberto Borrero, IITC.

      High-Level Event of the UN General Assembly: The Contributions of Women, the Young and Civil Society to the Post 2015 Development Agenda, Mar. 6-7, 2014; Morning Plenary Panel Theme: Closing the inequality gap: efforts for addressing inequalities and meeting new and emerging global challenges for the eradication of poverty. Delivered by Roberto Borrero, IPMG.

      Conflict Prevention, Rule of Law and Governance, UN Post-2015 Sustainable Development Goals Working Group, Feb. 7, 2014. Delivered by Roberto Borrero, IPMG

      UN Open Working Group on Sustainable Development, Dec. 13, 2013: Morning session, Human Rights, the Right to Development and Global Governance. Delivered by Roberto Borrero, IPMG.

      Conference Room Paper, Agenda Item 8: Future Work of the Permanent Forum, including issues of the Economic and Social Council and emerging issues. United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues 12th session, May 20 – 31, 2013. Submitted: Tebtebba, IITC, and El Centro para la Autonomía y Desarrollo de los Pueblos Indígenas (CADPI) on behalf of the Global Coordinating Committee for the International Indigenous Peoples.

      Rio + 20 Indigenous Peoples’ International Declaration on Sustainable Development and Self-Determination, 9 June, 2012, Rio de Janeiro

      Declaración de la Conferencia Internacional de Pueblos Indígenas sobre Desarrollo Sostenible y Libre Determinación en el Marco de Río+ 20, 19 de junio 2012, Río de Janeiro


      Right Energy Partnership

      The Right Energy Partnership with Indigenous Peoples: 2018 Concept Note

      Right Energy Partnership with Indigenous Peoples Brochure 2018

      The UN Working Group on Indigenous Populations (1982-2006)
      The UN Working Group on Indigenous Populations (1982-2006)
      The UN General Assembly
      The UN General Assembly

      Enhanced Participation of Indigenous Peoples

      On 8 September 2017 the General Assembly adopted resolution A/RES/71/321 entitled Enhancing the Participation of Indigenous Peoples’ Representatives and Institutions in Meetings of Relevant United Nations Bodies on Issues Affecting Them. This resolution is a result of a process that began with a commitment by Member States, during the World Conference on Indigenous Peoples in 2014, to consider the participation of indigenous peoples at the United Nations. The process continues based on decisions made by the General Assembly in resolution A/RES/71/321.


      UN DESA: Participation of Indigenous Peoples at the UN

      Dialogue meeting on the process of enhancing Indigenous Peoples’ participation in the UN, Quito, Ecuador, from 27 to 30 January 2020: Quito Outcome Document

      Dialogue Meeting on Enhanced Indigenous Peoples’ Participation at the United Nations, January 2020: Concept Note

       

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